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Licensing Terms

Explanatory Regarding License Terms

JPNS employs Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Downloads - Creative Commons

You do not need to seek permission from JPNS for reuse. The copyright of articles remains with the authors, who have chosen to make the articles available for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC 4.0.  JPNS provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

You are free to:

  • Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
  • Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material.

The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms

Under the following terms:


You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation. No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.