Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer


Vol. 3 No. 1 (2024): January 2024

Understanding obstructive sleep apnea

September 18, 2023


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is defined by repeated episodes of partial or complete upper airway collapse, obstructing breathing during sleep. OSA is a dangerous health condition with high mortality and morbidity. Due to the rising prevalence of obesity, OSA is on the rise in developing countries. Nevertheless, the exact number of OSA prevalence among Indonesian people is unrecognized for several reasons; for instance, low awareness of sleep disorder issues, unawareness of the symptoms and impact of OSA, limited access to polysomnography examinations, and considering snoring as a common condition. Long-term health effects, decreased sleep quality, psychological issues, and cognitive impairment are all linked to untreated OSA. Nurses can contribute to the management of OSA by conducting screening and assessment, providing health promotion to patients, and coordinating with other healthcare providers. This paper explores the prevalence of OSA, society’s perception of OSA, diagnostic or screening procedures, and treatment options for the effective management of OSA.


  1. Susanto, A. D., Yunus, F., Antariksa, B., Fitriani, F., Luthfi, A., & Harlivasari, A. D. (2016). Prevalensi obstructive sleep apnea berdasarkan kuesioner Berlin pada polisi lalu lintas di Jakarta Timur. J Respir Indo, 36(2), 67-72.
  2. Aini, N., Chu, H., Banda, K. J., Chen, R., Lee, T.-Y., Pien, L.-C., Liu, D., Lai, Y.-J., Kang, X. L., & Chou, K.-R. (2023). Prevalence of sleep-related breathing disorders and associated risk factors among people with dementia: A meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine, 103, 51-61.
  3. Aini, N., Marta, O. F. D., Setyowati, L., Mashfufa, E. W., & Octary, T. (2023). Exploration of patients’ perceptions about obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and their efforts to reduce the risk: A qualitative study. Jurnal Aisyah: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 8(1), 265-272.
  4. Amra, B., Rahmati, B., Soltaninejad, F., & Feizi, A. (2018). Screening questionnaires for obstructive sleep apnea: An updated systematic review. Oman Med J, 33(3), 184-192.
  5. Balagny, P., Vidal-Petiot, E., Renuy, A., Matta, J., Frija-Masson, J., Steg, P. G., Goldberg, M., Zins, M., d’Ortho, M. P., & Wiernik, E. (2023). Prevalence, treatment and determinants of obstructive sleep apnoea and its symptoms in a population-based French cohort. ERJ Open Res, 9(3).
  6. Benjafield, A. V., Ayas, N. T., Eastwood, P. R., Heinzer, R., Ip, M. S. M., Morrell, M. J., Nunez, C. M., Patel, S. R., Penzel, T., Pépin, J.-L., Peppard, P. E., Sinha, S., Tufik, S., Valentine, K., & Malhotra, A. (2019). Estimation of the global prevalence and burden of obstructive sleep apnoea: a literature-based analysis. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 7(8), 687-698.
  7. Fardizza, F. (2021). Mengenal “sleep epnea”, gangguan henti napas sejenak ketika tidur.
  8. Franklin, K. A., & Lindberg, E. (2015). Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in the population-a review on the epidemiology of sleep apnea. J Thorac Dis, 7(8), 1311-1322.
  9. Gottlieb, D. J., & Punjabi, N. M. (2020). Diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep apnea: A review. Jama, 323(14), 1389-1400.
  10. Jehan, S., Farag, M., Zizi, F., Pandi-Perumal, S. R., Chung, A., Truong, A., Jean-Louis, G.-., Tello, D., & McFarlane, S. I. (2018). Obstructive sleep apnea and stroke. Sleep medicine and disorders: International journal, 2(5), 120.
  11. Kaufmann, C. N., Susukida, R., & Depp, C. A. (2017). Sleep apnea, psychopathology, and mental health care. Sleep Health, 3(4), 244-249.
  12. Kim, S. W., & Taranto-Montemurro, L. (2019). When do gender differences begin in obstructive sleep apnea patients? J Thorac Dis, 11(Suppl 9), S1147-s1149.
  13. Mastan, J. A. (2014). Profil pasien OSA (obstructive sleep apnea) di RS PHC Surabaya [Skripsi, Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala ]. Surabaya.
  14. Newsom, R., & Singh, A. (2023). Obstructive sleep apnea: What it is, how to recognize it, why it matters, and how it can be treated. Retrieved 15 September from
  15. Pacheco, D., & Singh, A. (2023). Best sleeping position for sleep apnea. Retrieved 15 September from,two%20types%20of%20sleep%20apnea.
  16. Panahi, L., Udeani, G., Ho, S., Knox, B., & Maille, J. (2021). Review of the management of obstructive sleep apnea and pharmacological symptom management. Medicina 57(11).
  17. Ralls, F., & Cutchen, L. (2019). A contemporary review of obstructive sleep apnea. Curr Opin Pulm Med, 25(6), 578-593.
  18. Rundo, J. V. (2019). Obstructive sleep apnea basics. Cleve Clin J Med, 86(9 Suppl 1), 2-9.
  19. Suleha, Y. (2019). Apakah mendengkur sudah pasti sleep apnea?
  20. Walia, H. K. (2019). Beyond heart health: Consequences of obstructive sleep apnea. Cleve Clin J Med, 86(9 Suppl 1), 19-25.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...